Why India is the world leader in waste paper

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Why India is the world leader in waste paper?

because China, once the main destination of paper recycling in the world, imposed new restrictions on the import of waste paper at the beginning of last year, and now a large part of it is sent to India for reprocessing

in the NR Agarwal recycling plant in Western Gujarat, a large amount of waste paper piled up on the ceiling. Located in an industrial zone of vapi City, the factory is one of the largest factories in India, and its operation scale is amazing. The workers used bulldozers to open a large amount of waste paper, while the colorful Sari women's team divided the paper into different types

in the pile, the front page of the "Sunday Telegraph" page is clearly visible. In another place, I found the green headers of British local newspapers - Dean forest and Wye Valley reviews. "Most of our imports come from the UK and the US," said Ashok Bansal, the company's executive director

he showed us how to sort and load the paper onto the conveyor belt for pulping. The resulting blue substance is then treated with chemicals and coated on giant buzzing rollers, which can produce a large amount of clean white paper ready for reuse. As we spoke, a truck brought a lot of waste paper from Belgium. Every day, more and more trucks roar along the road leading to the factory from the nearby wharf, and the paper mountain of Mr. Bansal's factory is growing

China's restrictions

the reason for the recovery of paper reprocessing is that China, once the destination of more than half of the world's recyclable waste paper, metals and plastics, has imposed new restrictions on waste imports. Authorities say they are taking action to protect public health and the environment

the decision was announced on January 1st, 2018, allowing western countries to rush to find new homes for recyclable waste. Many people are faced with the choice of dumping garbage in landfills or incinerating garbage until Indian reprocessing plants such as Mr. Bansal are destroyed

according to the data of the Federation of European paper industries, waste paper exports from the European Union to India increased by 200% in the first half of last year. According to the International Institute for waste recycling (ISRI), U.S. exports increased by more than 100% from January to October last year compared with the same period in 2017

"we are now using larger ships to export [to India] because the shipments of recyclable paper have increased significantly," said Ranjit Baxi, chairman of J and H sales, a major UK recycling company. "We believe that India will continue to grow as our market." For Indian companies, this is a win-win situation. "India is a country with scarce raw materials," Mr. Bansal said. "We don't have many trees and jungles to convert wood (4) haze into pulp. We mainly rely on waste paper, which can be provided by the western world."

go against the trend

in the bustling paper market in Old Delhi, India's demand for paper products is obvious. The market sells all technical designs and charts from novels and exercise books to paper. Shoppers and merchants compete for space on narrow sidewalks. "The crowd here is getting bigger and bigger," said bookseller shabir Hussein. "Sometimes I can't meet my needs." Most of the paper made in India is used to produce books and textbooks for the rapidly growing population, as well as cardboard boxes and other types of packaging for the expanding manufacturing industry. But a large part of it eventually became paper

India may be called the center of high-tech industry in the world, but it is also a country with booming print media

according to the release of the audit bureau of India, the annual sales of newspapers and magazines soared from 40million in 2006 to nearly 63million in 2016. Experts said that the main reason for India to cope with the global trend is that although it is common to access the Internet through smartphones, laptops and tablets, many Indians still hope to deliver it to their homes in the form of every morning

reversing fate

importing waste paper from abroad helped an industry in India, which fell sharply last year due to the scarcity of waste paper and cost recovery. "In the past few years, due to the high price of waste paper, more than a quarter of paper mills have been forced to shut down," said entrepreneur aman se, who paid attention to turning off the main motor source thi. "Now by 2020, with the increase of import volume, prices have fallen, and they are reopening." For the local economy, this means new jobs, not only in recycling factories, but also in ports and transportation companies to transport paper to and from factories. At least for now, it seems that this trend will continue

India's recycling industry needs nearly 14million tons of waste paper to meet current demand

domestic recycling only produces 30% of this amount, and the recycling level is only half of the global average. Therefore, the demand for foreign waste paper may remain strong. But the challenge for Indian Importers is how to impose stricter regulations on the waste they are prepared to accept

in the first few months of last year, several batches of paper could not be used because they contained plastic. The paper mill even blacklisted some British and American suppliers. "Anyone who intends to export waste paper to India must abide by our strict regulations," said sujeet from NiTi ayaog, India's top planning agency, which is far below the actual loan interest rate of enterprises. Samaddar said that the agency is formulating a national recycling policy. "For any old paper to enter India, it does not mean that the gate will open."

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